Department of Philosophy
University of South Carolina
Department of Philosophy
University of Helsinki
Bailer-Jones, D. M. : ‘When Scientific Models Represent’, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 17, pp. 59-74.
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Boon, M. and Knuuttila, T. : ‘Models as Epistemic Tools in Engineering Sciences: A Pragmatic Approach’, in A. Meijers (ed.), Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences, Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, pp. 693–726.
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Humphreys, P. : Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Knuuttila, T. : ‘Modeling and Representing: An Artefactual Approach’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42, pp. 262–71.
Knuuttila, T. and Loettgers, A. [forthcoming]: ‘Modelling as Indirect Representation? The Lotka–Volterra Model Revisited’, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, available at .
Levins, R. : ‘The Strategy of Model-Building in Population Biology’, American Scientist, 54, pp. 421–31.
Morgan, M. : The World in the Model: How Economists Work and Think, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Morrison, M. and Morgan, M. : Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Orzack, S. H. and Sober, E. : ‘A Critical Assessment of Levins’s “The Strategy of Model Building in Population Biology (1966)”’ The Quarterly Review of Biology, 68, pp. 533–46.
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Suárez, M. : ‘An Inferential Conception of Scientific Representation’, Philosophy of Science, 71, pp. 767–79.
Weisberg, M. : Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World, New York: Oxford University Press.
Wimsatt,W. C. : ‘False Models as a Means to Truer Theories’, in M. Nitecki and A. Hoffmann (eds), Neutral Models in Biology, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 23–55.